Biological and Nanoscale Sciences

Faculty Contact: Professor Pranav Shrotriya

The biological and nanoscale sciences program investigates problems at the interface of engineering, biology, and nanotechnology, allowing us to apply the fundamental principles of mechanical engineering to expand opportunities for new science and engineering breakthroughs. By merging the engineering fields of dynamics, materials, mechanics, fluid flow, and heat transfer with the scientific fields of chemistry, materials science, and biology, we pursue experimental and computational strategies to understand the physical principles specific to small scale and biological phenomena. This enabling research uses unique physics at the nanometer scale with a view toward revolutionizing areas such as biomedicine and biotechnology.

Associated Faculty


Daniel Attinger

Attinger’s Lab
Micro and Nanofluidics, Convective Heat Transfer, Single Droplet/Bubble Dynamics, Multiscale Transfer Phenomena for Energy and Forensics Applications
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Xianglan Bai

Thermochemical conversion of biomass (fast pyrolysis & solvolysis), Utilization of waste materials, Biofuels and biobased products
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Tim Bigelow

Ultrasound systems to treat cancer and infections, physical properties of tissue using backscattered ultrasound signals, bioeffects for ultrasound safety and therapy
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Robert C. Brown

Director, Center for Sustainable Environmental Technologies
Gasification, Fast Pyrolysis, Bio-oil to fuels, Catalysis, Biocatalysis, Torrefaction of biomass, Biochar production for agronomic applications and carbon sequestration nutrient recycling between production agriculture and biofuels manufacturing
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Mark Bryden

Virtual Reality Applications Center
Development of the computational tools, algorithms, understandings, and strategies needed to analyze, understand, create, design, and build complex engineered, natural, or human system.
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Jonathan Claussen

Biosensors (Electrochemical & Optical), Bio-Integrated Electronics, BioMEMS and BioNEMS, Micro/Nanoscale Propulsion, Carbon Nanomaterial Growth (Graphene and Carbon Nanotubes, Nanomanufacturing / Materials Printing, Quantum Dots / Carbon Dots, Mass Transport / Fluid Dynamics
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Matt Hagge

Computational modeling, wood, combustion, pyrolysis, thermodynamics, and visualization of bloodstain pattern analysis
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Nicole N Hashemi

Hashemi Lab
Microfluidics, Biosensors, Optofluidics, Bio-N/MEMS: Design, Modeling, and Fabrication, Diagnostics and Therapeutics, Physics of Micro/Nanoscale Phenomena, Nonlinear Dynamics
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Ted Heindel

Experimental Multiphase Flow Laboratory
The Experimental Multiphase Flow Laboratory investigates hydrodynamics and mixing in gas-liquid, gas-solid, and gas-liquid-solid systems using X-ray flow visualization techniques, as well as gas-liquid mass transfer.
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Ming-Chen Hsu

Fluid–Structure Interaction, Computational Mechanics, Wind Energy Applications, Biomedical Engineering, Isogeometric Analysis, Finite Element Analysis, Computational Fluid Dynamics
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Gap-Yong Kim

Metal matrix composites, Micro/nano manufacturing, Microforming, Semi-solid processing, Spray deposition, Fuel cells
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Adarsh Krishnamurthy

Computer-Aided Design (CAD), Cardiovascular Biomechanics, Geometric Modeling, Computational Mechanics, Computer-Aided Manufacturing (CAM), Finite Element Analysis, GPU and Parallel Computing, Ultrasonic Non-Destructive Evaluation
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Valery Levitas

Stress- and strain-induced phase transformations, high pressure mechanics and mechanochemistry, cavitation in liquids and solids, large inelastic deformation of solids, continuum thermodynamics and kinetics, micromechanics and nanomechanics, energetic and nanoenergetic materials
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Gregory Maxwell

Industrial Assessment Center
Energy usage in buildings and HVAC systems. Industrial energy efficiency. Nuclear energy.
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Mark Mba Wright

Energy Systems Analysis, Biomass Conversion Technologies
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Reza Montazami

Montazami Lab
Smart Materials and Structures, Functional Thin-Films (Energy Harvesting, Sensors and Actuators), Polymer-Metal Nanocomposites (Green Energy), Nature-Inspired Soft Microrobotics, (Biomedical Devices and Military Applications), MEMS and NEMS
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Mike Olsen

Experimental Fluid Mechanics Laboratory
Experimental Fluid Mechanics, Microelectromechanical Systems
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Sonal Padalkar

Synthesis, characterization and simulation of hybrid nanostructures for energy related application; Synthesis and characterization of nanomaterials for biosensing; Utilizing advanced characterization techniques like TEM, HRTEM, EELS, Atom Probe to obtain solutions for complex research problems; Bottom up synthesis techniques in the fabrication of nanostructures for nanoelectronic applications; Design, Synthesis and Characterization of photoelectrodes for water splitting
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Cris Schwartz

Biotribology, polymer tribology, wear of biomaterials and the effects of wear debris in vivo, biomedical implant design, and incorporating naturally derived and biodegradable polymers in design
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Pranav Shrotriya

Mechanical response of micro/nano scale structures, Experimental and computational mechanics at small length scales, Mechanics of surface stress sensors and molecular adsorption, Stress-assisted dissolution and damage of biomedical implants, Mechanics of Manufacturing Processes
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Shankar Subramaniam

Spray modeling, Modeling and simulation of gas-particle flows, granular flows, Combustion, Turbulent reactive flows, Mixing, Stochastic models, particle methods, Computational fluid dynamics
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Sriram Sundararajan

Computation Laboratory
Surface engineering, Micro/nanoscale tribology (friction, lubrication and wear), Multiscale Mechanical behavior of materials, Scanning Probe Microscopy, Thin film characterization using three dimensional atom probe microscopy
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Xinwei Wang

Micro/Nanoscale Thermal Science Laboratory
Thermal transport in micro/nanoscale materials (thin films, coatings, nanowires, and nanotubes): novel technique development for thermal conductivity measurement, the effect of material structure on its thermophysical properties
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Jonathan Wickert

Vibration and Noise Control Laboratory
Mechanical vibration and noise control; continuous and multibody systems dynamics; applied mechanics; applications in computer data storage, flexible web material manufacturing, and friction-vibration interaction
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Eliot Winer

Internet Technology for Large-Scale Collaborative Design, Medical Imaging, Analysis, and Visualization, Multidisciplinary Design Synthesis, Computer Aided Design and Graphics, Applications in Optimal Design, Scientific Visualization and Virtual Reality Modeling for Large-Scale Design.
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