Publications

Publications

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Books and Book Chapters


2018

Jayakody, L. N. Johnson, C. W., Whitham, J. M., Giannone, R. J., Black, B. A., Cleveland, N. S., Klingeman, D. M., Michener, W. E., Olstad, J. L., Vardon, D. R., Brown, R. C., Brown, S. D., Hettich, R. L., Guss, A. M., Beckham, G. T. (2018) Thermochemical wastewater valorization via enhanced microbial toxicity tolerance, Energy & Environmental Science 11, 1625-1638, DOI: 10.1039/C8EE00460A.

Li, W., Dang, Q., Brown, R. C., Laird, D., Wright, M. M. (2018) The impacts of biomass properties on pyrolysis yields, economic and environmental performance of the pyrolysis-bioenergy-biochar platform to carbon negative energy, Bioresource Technology 241, 959-968, DOI: 10.1016/j.biortech.2017.06.049.

Stanford, J.P., Hall, P.H., Rover, M.R., Smith, R.G., Brown, R.C. (2018) Separation of sugars and phenolics from the heavy fraction of bio-oil using polymeric resin adsorbents, Separation and Purification Technology 194, 170-180, DOI: 10.1016/j.seppur.2017.11.040.

Daugaard, T., Dalluge, D., Brown, R. C., Wright, M. W. (2018) Effect of thermophysical properties of heat carriers on performance of a laboratory-scale auger pyrolyzer, Fuel Processing Technology 176, 182-189.

Bbosa, D., Brown, R. C., Wright, M. (2018) More than ethanol: A technoeconomic analysis of a corn stover-ethanol biorefinery integrated with hydroliquefaction to convert lignin to biochemicals, BioFPR 12, 497-509, DOI: 10.1002/bbb.1866.

Ghosh, A., Bai, X., & Brown, R. C. (2018) Solubilized carbohydrates production by acid-catalyzed depolymerization of cellulose in polar aprotic solvents, Chemistry Select 3, 4777-4785.

Haverly, M. R., Schulz, T. C., Whitmer, L. E., Friend, A. J., Funkhouser, J. M., Smith, R. G., Brown, R. C. (2018) Continuous solvent liquefaction of biomass in a hydrocarbon solvent, Fuel 211, 291-300.

Rover, M. R., Smith, R. G. (2018) Enabling biomass combustion and co-firing through the use of Lignocol, Fuel 211, 312-317.

Haverly, M. R., Okoren, K. V., Brown, R. C. (2018) Optimization of phenolic monomer production from solvent liquefaction of lignin, ACS Sustainable Chemistry and Engineering 6, 12675-12683, DOI: 10.1021/acssuschemeng.8b01629.

Chi, Z., Zhao, X., Daugaard, T., Dalluge, D., Rover, M., Johnston, P., Salazar, A. M., Santoscoy, M. C., Smith, R., Brown, R. C., Wen, Z., Zabotina, O. A., Jarboe, L. R. (2019) Comparison of Product Distribution, Content and Fermentability of Biomass in a Hybrid Thermochemical/ Biological Processing Platform, Biomass and Bioenergy 120, 107-116.

Haverly, M.R., Schulz, T.C., Whitmer, L.E., Friend, A.J., Funkhouser, J.M., Smith, R.G., Young, M.K., Brown, R.C. (2018) Continuous solvent liquefaction of biomass in a hydrocarbon solvent, Fuel 211, 291-300.

Li, W., Ghosh, A., Bbosa, D., Brown, R. C., Wright, M. M. (2018) Comparative technoeconomic and uncertainty analysis of biomass solvent liquefaction and sugar fermentation to ethanol, ACS Sustainable Chemistry & Engineering 6, 16515-16524, DOI: 10.1021/acssuschemeng.8b03622.

2017

Bergem, H., Xu, R., Brown, R. C., Huber, G. W. (2017) Low temperature aqueous phase hydrogenation of the light oxygenate fraction of bio-oil over supported ruthenium catalysts, Green Chemistry 19, 3252-3262.

Hoff, T., Homes, M., Proano-Aviles, J., Laleh, E., Liu, D., Brown, R., Tessonier, J. P., (2017) Decoupling the role of external mass transfer and intracrystalline pore diffusion on the selectivity of HZSM-5 for the catalytic fast pyrolysis of biomass, ACS Sustainable Chemistry & Engineering 5, 8766-8776.

Brewer, C. E., Hall, E. T., Schmidt-Rohr, K., Laird, D. A., Brown, R. C., Zygourakis, K. (2017) Temperature and reaction atmosphere effects on the properties of corn stover biochar, AIChE Environmental Progress & Sustainability 36, 696-707 (DOI: 10.1002/ep.12503).

Kim, K. H., Brown, R. C., Daugaard, T., Tivol, W. F., Auer, M., Simmons, B., Singh, S. (2017) Strategy for extending the stability of bio-oil derived phenolic oligomer via mild hydrotreatment with ionic liquid stabilized nanoparticles, ChemSusChem 10, 884-893 (DOI: 10.1002/cssc. 201601515).

Bourguignon, M., Moore, K. J., Brown, R. C., Kim, K.-H., Baldwin, B. S., Hintz, R. (2017) Variety trial and pyrolysis potential of kenaf grown in Midwest United States, Bioenergy Research Journal 10, 36-49 (DOI: 10.1007/s12155-016-9773-8).

Li, W., Qi, D., Smith, R., Brown, R., Wright, M. W. (2017) Techno-economic analysis of the stabilization of bio-oil fractions for insertion into petroleum refineries, ACS Sustainable Chemistry & Engineering 5, 1528-1537 (DOI: 10.1021/acssuschemeng.6b02222).

Jin, T., Rover, M. R., Petersen, E. M., Chi, Z., Smith, R. G., Brown, R. C., Wen, Z., Jarboe, L. (2017) Damage to the Microbial Cell Membrane during Pyrolytic Sugar Utilization and Strategies for Increasing Resistance, Journal of Industrial Microbiology & Biotechnology 44, 1279-1292 (DOI: 10.1007/s10295-017-1958-4).

Choi, S.-G., Chu, J., Brown, R., Wang, K., Wen, Z., Sustainable biocement production via microbially-induced calcium carbonate precipitation: use of limestone and acetic acid derived from pyrolysis of lignocellulosic biomass, ACS Sustainable Chemistry & Engineering 5, 5183-5190 (DOI: 10.1021/acssuschemeng.7b00521).

Dalluge, D. L., Kim, K. H., and Brown, R. C. (2017) The influence of alkali and alkaline earth metals on char and volatile aromatics from lignin fast pyrolysis, Journal of Analytical and Applied Pyrolysis 127C, 385-393 (DOI: 10.1016/j.jaap.2017.07.011).

Huber, G. W., Brown, R. C. (2017) Prospects and challenges of pyrolysis technologies for biomass conversion, Energy Technology 5, 5-7.

Brown, T. R., Brown, R. C. (2017) What Role for the Bioeconomy in an Electrified Transportation Sector? BioFPR 11, 363-372 (DOI: 10.1002/bbb.1747).

Hoff, T. C., Gardner, D. W., Thilakaratne, R., Brown, R. C., Tessonnier, J.-P. (2017) Elucidating the effect of desilication on aluminum-rich ZSM-5 zeolite and its consequences on biomass catalytic fast pyrolysis. Applied Catalysis A: General 529, 68-78 (doi.org/10.1016/j.apcata. 2016.10.009).

Proano-Aviles, J., Lindstrom, J. K., Johnston, P. A., Brown, R. C. (2017) Heat and mass transfer effects in a furnace-based micropyrolyzer, Energy Technology 5, 189-15 (DOI: 10.1002/ente.201600279).

Wang, K., Zheng, Y., Zhu, Xifeng, Brewer, C., Brown, R. C. (2017) Ex-situ catalytic pyrolysis of wastewater sewage sludge – a micro-pyrolysis, Bioresource Technology 232, 229-234 (DOI: 10.1016/j.biortech.2017.02.015).

McClelland, D. J., Motagamwala, A. H., Li, Y., Rover, M. R., Wittrig, A. M., Wu, C., Buchanan, J. S., Brown, R. C., Ralph, J., Dumesic, J. A., Huber, G. W. (2017) Functionality and molecular weight distribution of red oak lignin before and after pyrolysis and hydrogenation, Green Chemistry 19, 1378-1389 (DOI: 10.1039/C6GC03515A).

Fidel, R., Archontoulis, S., Babcock, B., Brown, R. C., Dokoohaki, H., Hayes, D., Laird, D. A., Miguez, F., Wright, M. M. (2017) Commentary on “Current economic obstacles to biochar use in agriculture and climate change mitigation” regarding uncertainty, context-specificity and alternative value sources, Carbon Management 8, 215-217.

Li, Q. D., Brown, R., Laird, D., Wright, M. (2017) The impacts of biomass properties on pyrolysis yields, economic and environmental performance of the pyrolysis-bioenergy-biochar platform to carbon negative energy, Bioresource Technology 241, 959-968 (featured on cover).

Zhang, J., Kim, K. H., Choi, Y. S., Motagamwala, A. H., Dumesic, J. A., Brown, R. C., Shanks, B. (2017) Comparison of fast pyrolysis behavior of cornstover lignins isolated by different methods, Sustainable Chemistry and Engineering 5, 5657-5661.

2016

Haverly, M. R., Okoren, K. V., Brown, R. C. (2016) Thermal stability of fractionated bio-oil from fast pyrolysis, Energy and Fuels 30, 9419-9426.

Hoff, T., Thilakaratne, R., Gardner, D., Brown, R., Tessonnier, J-P. (2016) Thermal Stability of Aluminum-Rich ZSM-5 Zeolites and Consequences on Aromatization Reactions, Journal of Physical Chemistry 120, 20103-20113.

Benipal, N., Johnston, P. A., Gentile, J. C., Brown, R. C., Wenzhen, L. (2016) Direct pyrolysis bio-oil fuel cell, Fuel 185, 85-93.
Shen, Y., Brown, R., Wen, Z. (2016) Syngas fermentation of Clostridium carboxidivorans P7 in a horizontal rotating packed bed biofilm reactor with enhanced ethanol production, Applied Energy 187, 585-594.

Davis, K., Rover, M., Brown, R. C., Bai, X., Wen, X., Jarboe, L. (2016) Recovery and utilization of lignin monomers as part of the biorefinery approach, Energies 9, 808-835, DOI:10.3390/ en9100808.

Hoff, T. C., Gardner, D. W., Thilakaratne, R., Wang, K., Brown, R. C., and Tessonnier, F.-P. (2016) Tailoring ZSM-5 zeolites for the fast pyrolysis of biomass to aromatic hydrocarbons, ChemSusChem 9, 1473-1482.

Liu, G., Wright, M., Zhao, , Q., Brown, R. C. (2016) Hydrocarbon and ammonia production from catalytic pyrolysis of sewage sludge with acid pretreatment, ACS Sustainable Chem. Eng. 4, 1819-1826.

Ghosh, A., Brown, R. C., and Bai, X. (2016) Production of solubilized and depolymerized carbohydrate from cellulose using non-catalytic, supercritical depolymerization in polar aprotic solvents, Green Chemistry 18, 1023-1031.

Zhang, J., Wang, K., Nolte, M. W., Choi, Y., Brown, R. C., Shanks, B. H. (2016) Catalytic deoxygenation of bio-oil model compounds over acid-base bifunctional catalysts, ACS Catalysis, DOI: 10.1021/acscatal.6b00245.

Liu, G., Wright, M. M., Zhao, Q., Brown, R. C., Wang, K., Xue, Y. (2016) Catalytic pyrolysis of amino acids: Comparison of aliphatic amino acid and cyclic amino acid, Energy Conversion and Management 112, 220-

Thilakaratne, R., Tessonnier, J. P., and Brown, R. C. (2016) Conversion of methoxy and hydroxyl functionalities of phenolic monomers over zeolites, Green Chemistry18, 2231-2239.

Broer, K.M., Brown, R.C. (2016) The role of char and tar in determining the gas-phase partitioning of nitrogen during biomass gasification, Applied Energy 158, 474-483.

Broer, K.M., Brown, R.C. (2016) The effect of equivalence ratio on partitioning of nitrogen during biomass gasification, Energy & Fuels 30, 407-413.

Kieffer, M. Brown, T., Brown, R. C. (2016) Flex fuel polygeneration: Integrating renewable natural gas into Fischer-Tropsch synthesis, Applied Energy 170, 208-218.

Hu, W., Dang, Q., Rover, M., Brown, R. C., and Wright, M. (2016) Comparative techno-economic analysis of advanced biofuels, biochemicals, and hydrocarbon chemicals via the fast pyrolysis platform, Biofuels 7, 57-67.

Ou, L., Li, B., Dang, Q., Jones, S., Brown, R. C., Wright, M. M. (2016) Understanding the uncertainty in economic feasibility of transportation fuel production via biomass gasification and mixed alcohol synthesis, Energy Technology 4, 441-448.

2015

Qi, D., Wright, M., and Brown, R. C. (2015) Ultra-low Carbon Emissions from Coal-fired Power Plants through Bio-oil Co-firing and Bio-char Sequestration, Environmental Science & Technology 49, 14688-14695.

Brown, T. R., Brown, R. C., Estes, V. (2015) Commercial-scale production of lignocellulosic biofuels, CEP, March Issue, pp. 62-64.

Haverly, M. R., Whitmer, L. E., Brown, R. C. (2015) Evaluation of polymer compatibility with bio-oil produced from thermochemical conversion of biomass, Energy & Fuels 29, 7993-7997.

Zhao, X., Davis, K., Brown, R. C., Jarboe, L., Wen, Z. (2015) Alkaline treatment for detoxification of acetic acid-rich pyrolytic bio-oil for microalgae fermentation: effects of alkaline species and the detoxification mechanisms, Biomass and Bioenergy 80, 203-212.

Zhou, S., Brown, R. C., and Bai, X. (2015) The use of calcium hydroxide pretreatment to overcome agglomeration of technical lignin during fast pyrolysis, Green Chemistry 17, 4748-4759.

Kolakaluri, R., Murphy, E., Subramaniam, S., Brown, R. C., Fox, R. O., (2015) Filtration model for polydisperse aerosols in gas-solid flow using granule-resolved direct numerical simulation, AIChE J. 61, 3594-3606.

Gable, P., Brown, R. C. (2015) Effect of biomass heating time on bio-oil yields in a free fall fast pyrolysis reactor, Fuel 166, 361-366.

Choi, Y. S., Lee, K. H., Zhang, J., Brown, R. C., Shanks, B. (2015) Manipulation of chemical species in bio-oil using in situ catalytic fast pyrolysis in both a bench-scale fluidized bed pyrolyzer and micropyrolyzer, Biomass and Bioenergy 81, 256-264.

Li, B., Ou, L., Dang, Q., Meyer, P., Jones, S., Brown, R., and Wright, M. (2015) Techno-economic and uncertainty analysis of in situ and ex situ fast pyrolysis for biofuel production, Bioresource Technology 196, 49-56.

Broer, K.M., Johnston, P. A., Haag, A., Brown, R.C. (2015) Resolving inconsistencies in measurements of hydrogen cyanide in syngas, Fuel 140, 97-101.

del Campo, B. G., Morris, M. D., Laird, D. A., Kieffer, M. M., Brown, R. C. (2015) Optimizing production of activated carbon from fast pyrolysis char, Technology 3, 104-113.

Wang, K., Zhang, J., Shanks, B.H., Brown, R.C. (2015) The deleterious effect of inorganic salts on hydrocarbon yields from catalytic pyrolysis of lignocellulosic biomass and its mitigation, Applied Energy 148, 115-120.

Elliott, D. C., Wang, H., Whitmer, L., Rover, M., Smith, R., and Brown, R. C. (2015) Hydrocarbon liquid production via catalytic hydroprocessing of phenolic oligomers fractionated from fast pyrolysis of red oak and corn stover, ACS Sustainable Chemistry and Engineering 3, 892-902.

S. Aramideh, Q. Xiong, Brown, R. C., Kong, S.-K. (2015) Numerical simulation of biomass fast pyrolysis in an auger reactor, Fuel 156, 234-242.

Wang, K., Ou, L., Brown, T., and Brown, R. C. (2015) Beyond ethanol: a techno-economic analysis of an integrated corn biorefinery for the production of hydrocarbon fuels and chemicals, BioFPR 9, 190-200.

Zhang J., Choi Y., Yoo C., Kim T., Brown R.C., Shanks B. (2015) Cellulose−hemicellulose and cellulose−lignin interactions during fast pyrolysis, ACS Sustainable Chemistry & Engineering 3, 293−301.

Xue, Y., Zhou, S., Kelkar, A., Brown, R. C., Bai, X. (2015) Fast pyrolysis of biomass and waste plastic in a fluidized bed reactor, Fuel 156, 40-46.

Woolcock, P., Koziel, J., Brown, R., Johnston, P., Brown, R. C., Broer, K. (2015) Analysis of trace contaminants in hot gas streams using time-weighted average solid-phase microextraction: Pilot-scale validation, Fuel 153, 552-558.

Rover, M.R., Hall, P.H., Johnston, P.A., Smith, R.G., Brown, R.C. Stabilization of bio-oils using low temperature, low pressure hydrogenation (2015) Fuel 153, 224-230.

Kim, K. H., Bai, X. Cady, S., Gable, P., Brown, R. C. (2015) A quantitative investigation of free radicals in bio-oil and their potential role in condensed phase polymerization of cellulose- and lignin-derived pyrolysates, ChemSusChem 8, 894–900.

Ou, L., Thilakaratne, R., Brown, R. C. and Wright, M. M. (2015) Techno-economic analysis of transportation fuels from defatted microalgae via hydrothermal liquefaction and hydroprocessing, Biomass and Bioenergy 72, 45-54.

Daugaard, T., Mutti, L. A., Wright, M. W., Brown, R. C., Componation, P. (2015) Learning rates and their impacts on the optimal capacities and production costs of biorefineries, BioFPR 9, 82-94, DOI: 10.1002/bbb.1513.

Wang, W., Zhang, J., Shanks, B. H., Brown, R. C. (2015) Catalytic conversion of carbohydrate-derived oxygenates over HZSM-5 in a tandem micro-reactor system, Green Chemistry 17, 557-564, DOI: 10.1039/C4GC01784F.

Liu, G., Wright, M. W., Zhao, Q., Brown, R. C. (2015) Catalytic fast pyrolysis of duckweed: Effects of pyrolysis parameters and optimization of aromatic production, Journal of Analytical and Applied Pyrolysis 112, 29-36.

Shen, Y., Jarboe, L., Brown, R., Wen, Z. (2015) A thermochemical-biochemical hybrid processing of lignocellulosic biomass for producing fuels and chemicals, Biotechnology Advances 33, 1799-1813.

Broer, K.M., Woolcock, P.J., Johnston, P. A., and Brown, R.C. (2015) Steam/oxygen gasification system for the production of clean syngas from switchgrass, Fuel 140, 282-292.

2014

Wang, K. and Brown, R. C. (2014) Catalytic pyrolysis of corn dried distillers grains with solubles to produce hydrocarbons, ACS Sustainable Chemistry and Engineering 2, 2142-2148.

Santhanaraj, D., Rover, M. R., Resasco, D. E., Brown, R. C., Crossley, S. (2014) Gluconic Acid from Biomass Fast Pyrolysis Oils: Specialty Chemicals from the Thermochemical Conversion of Biomass, ChemSusChem 7, 3132-3137. DOI: 10.1002/cssc.201402431.

Rover, M. R., Johnston, P. A., Jin, T., Smith, R. G., Jarboe, L., Brown, R. C. (2014) Production of clean pyrolytic sugars for fermentation, ChemSusChem 7, 1662-1668.

Dalluge, D., Daugaard, T., Johnston, P., Kuzhiyil, N., Wright, M., and Brown, R. C. (2014) Continuous production of sugars from pyrolysis of acid-infused lignocellulosic biomass, Green Chemistry 16, 4144 – 4155. DOI: 10.1039/C4GC00602J.

Dale, B. E., Anderson, J. E., Brown, R. C., Csonka, S., Dale, V. H., Herwick, G., Jackson, R. D., Jordah, N., Kaffka, S., Kline, K. L., Lynd, L. R., Malmstrom, C., On, R. G., Richard, T., Taylor, C., Wang, M. Q. (2014) Take a Closer Look: Biofuels Can Support Environmental, Economic and Social Goals, Environ. Sci. Tech. 48, 7200-7203.

Bai, X. and Brown, R. C. (2014) Modeling the physiochemistry of levoglucosan during cellulose pyrolysis, Journal of Analytical and Applied Pyrolysis 105, 363-368.

Bai, X., Kim, K. H., Brown, R. C., Dalluge, E., Hutchinson, C., Lee, Y. J., Dalluge D. (2014) Formation of phenolic oligomers during fast pyrolysis of lignin, Fuel, 128, 170-179.

Kim, K. H., Bai, X., Zhang M., Brown R. C. (2014) The effect of low-concentration oxygen in sweep gas during pyrolysis of red oak using a fluidized bed reactor, Fuel, 124, 49-56.

Jeffrey, B., Nettleton, D., Kuzhiyil, N., Rover, M., Brown, R. C., Lamkey, K., Lubberstedt, T. (2014) Significant Variation for Bio-oil Compounds After Pyrolysis/Gas Chromatography–Mass Spectrometry of Cobs and Stover Among Five Near-Isogenic Brown Midrib Hybrids in Maize, BioEnergy Research: 7, 693-701.

Kim, K. H., Brown, R., Bai, X. (2014) Partial oxidative pyrolysis of acid infused red oak using a fluidized bed reactor to produce sugar-rich bio-oil, Fuel 130, 135-141.

Thilakaratne R, Brown T, Li Y, Hu G, Brown R. (2014) Mild catalytic pyrolysis of biomass for production of transportation fuels: a techno-economic analysis. Green Chemistry 16, 627-636. DOI: 10.1039/C3GC41314D.

Rover, M. R., Johnston, P. A., Whitmer, L. E., Smith, R. G., Brown, R. C. (2014) The effect of pyrolysis temperature on recovery of bio-oil as distinctive stage fractions, Journal of Analytical and Applied Pyrolysis 105, 262–268.

Wang, K., Kim, K. H., and Brown, R. C. (2014) Catalytic pyrolysis of individual components of lignocellulosic biomass, Green Chemistry 16, 727-735. DOI: 10.1039/C3GC41288A.

Bai, X., Brown, R. C., Fu, J., Shanks, B. H., Kieffer, M. (2014) The influence of alkali and alkaline earth metals and the role of acid pretreatments in production of sugars from switchgrass based on solvent liquefaction, Energy & Fuels 28, 1111-1120.

Kauffman N, Hayes D, Brown R, Laird D, and Dumortier, J. (2014) Producing energy while sequestering carbon? The relationship between biochar and agricultural productivity, Biomass and Bioenergy 63, 167-176.

Ou, L., Brown, T. R., Thilakaratnea, R., Hu, G., and Brown, R. C. (2014) Technoeconomic analysis of co-located corn grain and corn stover ethanol plants, BioFPR 8, 412-422.

Thilakaratne, R., Wright, M.W., Brown, R. C. (2014) A techno-economic analysis of microalgae remnant catalytic pyrolysis and upgrading to fuels, Fuel 128 104–112.

Hughes, S. R., López-Núñez, J. C., Jones, M. A., Cox, E. J., Linquist, M., Galindo-Leva, L. A., Riaño-Herrera, N. M., Rodriguez-Valencia, N., Gast, F., Cedeño, D. L., Tasaki, K., Brown, R. C., Contreras-Lisperguer, R., Moore, R., Peterson, J. D., Darzins, A., Brunner, L. (2014) Sustainable Conversion of Coffee and Other Crop Waste to Biofuels and Bioproducts Using Coupled Biochemical and Thermochemical Processes in a Multi-Stage Biorefinery Concept, Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology 98, 8413-8431.

Zhang, Y., Hu, G., and Brown, R. C. (2014) Life cycle assessment of commodity chemicals production from forest residue via fast pyrolysis, The International Journal of Life Cycle Assessment 19, 1371-1381.

Zhang, Y., Hu, G., and Brown, R. C. (2014) Integrated supply chain design for commodity chemicals production via woody biomass fast pyrolysis and upgrading, Bioresource Technology 157, 28-36.

Shen, Y., Brown, R. C., and Wen, Z. (2014) Syngas fermentation of Clostridium carboxidivoran P7 in a hollow fiber membrane biofilm reactor: evaluating the mass transfer coefficient and ethanol production performance, Biochemical Engineering Journal 85, 21-29.

Johnston, P. and Brown, R. C. (2014) Quantitation of Sugar Content in Pyrolysis Liquids after Acid Hydrolysis Using High-Performance Liquid Chromatography without Neutralization, Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry 62, 8129-8133.

Wang, K., Johnston, P. and Brown, R. C. (2014) A comparison of in-situ and ex-situ catalytic pyrolysis in a micro-reactor system, Bioresource Technology 173, 124-131.

Choi, Y. S., P. A. Johnston, R. C. Brown, B. H. Shanks and K.-H. Lee (2014) Detailed characterization of red oak-derived pyrolysis oil: Integrated use of GC, HPLC, IC, GPC and Karl-Fischer, Journal of Analytical and Applied Pyrolysis 110: 147-154.

Kim, K. H., Bai, X., Brown, R. C. (2014) Pyrolysis mechanisms of methoxy substituted α-O-4 lignin dimeric model compounds and detection of free radicals using electron paramagnetic resonance analysis, Journal of Analytical and Applied Pyrolysis, 110, 254-263.

Kim, K. H., Brown, R. C., Kieffer, M., Bai, X. (2014) Hydrogen-donor-assisted solvent liquefaction of lignin to short-chain alkylphenols using a micro reactor/gas chromatograph system, Energy & Fuels 28 (10), 6429-6437.

2013

Zhang, Y., Hu, G., and Brown, R. C. (2013) Life cycle assessment of the production of hydrogen and transportation fuels from corn stover via fast pyrolysis, Environ. Res. Lett. 8, 025001 doi:10.1088/1748-9326/8/2/025001.

Wang, K. and Brown, R. C. (2013) Catalytic pyrolysis of microalgae for production of aromatics and ammonia, Green Chemistry 15, 537–848.

Wang, K., Brown, R. C., Homsy, S., Martinez, L., and Sidhu, S. S. (2013) Fast pyrolysis of microalgae remnants in a fluidized bed reactor for bio-oil and biochar production, Bioresource Technology 127: 494-499, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.biortech.2012.08.016.

Bai, X., Johnston, P., Sadula, S., and Brown, R. C. (2013) Role of Levoglucosan Physiochemistry in Cellulose Pyrolysis, Journal of Analytical and Applied Pyrolysis 99, 58-65, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jaap.2012.10.028.

Bai, X., Johnston, P., and Brown, R. C. (2013) An experimental study of the competing processes of evaporation and polymerization of levoglucosan in cellulose pyrolysis, Journal of Analytical and Applied Pyrolysis 99, 130-136, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jaap.2012.10.012.

Brown, T. R., Thilakaratne, R., Brown, R. C., and Hu, G. (2013) Techno-economic analysis of biomass to transportation fuels and electricity via fast pyrolysis and hydroprocessing, Fuel 106, 463–469, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.fuel.2012.11.029.

Liang, Y., Zhao, X., Chi, Z., Rover, M., Johnston, P., Brown, R., Jarboe, L, and Wen, Z. (2013) Utilization of acetic acid-rich pyrolytic bio-oil by microalga Chlamydomonas reinhardtii: Reducing bio-oil toxicity and enhancing algal toxicity tolerance, Bioresource Technology 133, 500-506.

Woolcock, P., Brown, R. C. (2013) A review of cleaning technologies for biomass-derived syngas, Biomass and Bioenergy 52, 54–84.

Brown, T., and Brown, R. C. (2013) A review of cellulosic biofuel commercial-scale projects in the United States, Biofuels, Bioproducts & Biorefineries, DOI: 10.1002/bbb.1387.

Brown, T., and Brown, R. C. (2013) Techno-economics of advanced biofuels pathways, Royal Society of Chemistry Advances 3 (17), 5758 – 5764, DOI: 10.1039/C2RA23369J.

Banerjee, S., Tiarks, J., Kong, S.-C., Brown, R., Lukawski, M. (2013) Technoeconomic Analysis of Biofuel Production and Biorefinery Operation Utilizing Geothermal Energy, Energy & Fuels 27, 1381-1390.

Zhang, Y., Brown, T. R., Hu, G., Brown, R. C. (2013) Comparative techno-economic analysis of biohydrogen production via bio-oil gasification and bio-oil reforming, Biomass and Bioenergy 51, 99-108.

Brown, T.R., R. Thilakaratne, R.C. Brown, G. Hu. (2013) Regional Differences in the Economic Feasibility of Advanced Biorefineries: Fast Pyrolysis and Hydroprocessing, Energy Policy 57, 234–243.

Rover, M. R., Brown, R. C. (2013) Quantification of Total Phenols in Bio-Oil Using the Folin-Ciocalteu Method, J. Analytical and Applied Pyrolysis 104, 366-371. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jaap.2013.06.011.

Rover, M. R., Johnston, P. A., Lamsal, B. P., Brown, R. C. (2013) Total water-soluble sugars quantification in bio-oil using the phenol–sulfuric acid assay, J. Analytical and Applied Pyrolysis 104, 194-201.

McCalley, J., Krishnan, V., Gkritza, K., Brown, R., and Mejia-Giraldo, D. (2013) Investment strategies for national energy and transportation infrastructures, IEEE Power and Energy Magazine 11, 24-35.

Woolcock, P. J., Koziel, J. A., Lingshuang, C., Johnston, P. A., Brown, R. C. (2013) Analysis of trace contaminants in hot gas streams using time-weighted average solid-phase microextraction: Proof of concept, J Chromatogr A. 1281, 1-8.  doi: 10.1016/j.chroma.2013.01.036.

Zhang, Y., Brown, T. R., Hu, G., Brown, R. C. (2013) Techno-economic analysis of fast pyrolysis and upgrading facilities employing two upgrading pathways, Chemical Engineering Journal 225, 895-904.

Zhao, X., Chi, Z., Rover, M., Brown, R., Jarboe, L., Wen, Z. (2013) Microalgae fermentation on acetic acid-rich pyrolytic bio-oil: Reducing bio-oil toxicity by alkali treatment, Environmental Progress and Sustainable Energy 32, 955-961.

Chi, Z., Rover, M., Jun, E., Deaton, M., Johnston, P., Brown, R. C., Wen, Z., Jarboe, L. R. (2013) Overliming detoxification of pyrolytic sugar syrup for direct fermentation of levoglucosan to ethanol, Bioresource Technology 150, 220-227.

Huang, Y., Deng, W., Guo, E., Chen, S., Chung, P., Brown, R., Trewyn, B. and Lin, V. S.-Y. (2012) Mn-modified and well-defined Rh nanoparticles supported on mesoporous silica nanoparticles: Increasing selectivity to C2 oxygenates from syngas, ChemCatChem 4, 674-680.

Peralta J., Silva H. M. R. D., Williams R., Rover M., Machado, A. V. A. (2013) Development of an innovative bio-binder using asphalt-rubber technology, International Journal of Pavement Research & Technology 6, 447-456.

2012

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Zhang, Y., Brown, T. R., Brown, R. C., Hu, G. (2012) Technoeconomic analysis of monosaccharide production via biomass fast pyrolysis, Bioresource Technology 127, 358-365.

Kuzhiyil, N., Dalluge, D., Bai, X., Kim, K. H., and Brown, R. C. (2012) Pyrolytic sugars from cellulosic biomass, ChemSusChem 5, 2228-2236, http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/cssc. 201200341.

Wilson, D. M., Dalluge, D. L., Rover, M., Heaton, E. A., and Brown, R. C. (2012) Crop Management Impacts Biofuel Quality: Influence of Switchgrass Harvest Time on Yield, Nitrogen and Ash of Fast Pyrolysis Products, BioEnergy Research, DOI 10.1007/s12155-012-9240-0.

Lysenko, S., Sadaka, S., and Brown, R. C. (2012) Comparison of the cost of hydrogen from air-blown and thermally ballasted gasifiers, Biofuels, Bioproducts & Biorefineries 6, 673–685.

Lysenko, S., Sadaka, S., and Brown, R. C. (2012) Comparison of mass and energy balances for air blown and thermally ballasted fluidized bed gasifiers, Biomass and Bioenergy 45, 95-108.

Pollard, A. S., Rover, M. R., and Brown, R. C. (2012) Characterization of bio-oil recovered as stage fractions with unique chemical and physical characteristics, Journal of Analytical and Applied Pyrolysis 93, 129-138.

Ellens, C. J. and Brown, R. C. (2012) Optimization of a free-fall reactor for the production of fast pyrolysis bio-oil, Bioresource Technology 103, 374-380.

Brown, J. N. and Brown, R. C. (2012) Process optimization of an auger pyrolyzer with heat carrier using response surface methodology, Bioresource Technology 103, 405-414.

Xue, Q., Dalluge, D., Heindel, T. J., Fox, R. O., and Brown, R. C. (2012) Experimental validation and CFD modeling study of biomass fast pyrolysis in fluidized-bed reactors, Fuel 97, 757-769.

Brown, T., Zhang, Y., Hu, G., and Brown, R. C. (2012) Technoeconomic analysis of biobased chemicals production via Integrated Catalytic Processing, Biofuels, Bioproducts & Biorefining 6, 73-87,  http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/bbb.344.

Deal, C., Brewer, C.E., Brown, R.C., Okure, M.A.E., Amoding, A. (2012) Comparison of kiln-derived and gasifier-derived biochars as soil amendments in the humid tropics, Biomass & Bioenergy 37, 161–168, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.biombioe.2011.12.017.

Huang, Y., Deng, W., Guo, E., Chung, P., Chen, S., Trewyn, B., Brown, R. C., and Lin, V. S.-Y. (2012) Mesoporous silica nanoparticle-stabilized and manganese-modified rhodium nanoparticles as catalysts for highly selective synthesis of ethanol and acetaldehyde from syngas, ChemCatChem 4, 674-680, http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ cctc.201100460.

Ronsse, F., Bai, X., Prins, W. and Brown, R.C. (2012) Secondary reactions of levoglucosan and char in the fast pyrolysis of cellulose, Environmental Progress and Sustainable Energy 31, 256-260, http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ep.11633.

Ronsse, F., Dalluge, D., Prins, W., and Brown, R. C. (2012) Optimization of platinum filament micropyrolyzer for studying primary decomposition in cellulose pyrolysis, accepted for publication in Analytical and Applied Pyrolysis 95, 247–256, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jaap. 2012.02.015.

Brewer, C.E., Hu, Y.-Y., Schmidt-Rohr, K., Loynachan, T.E., Laird, D.A. Brown, R.C. (2012) Influence of extent of pyrolysis on corn stover fast pyrolysis biochar and soil properties, Soil Biology & Biochemistry 41 1115-1122, http://dx.doi.org/10.2134/jeq2011.0118.

Xuea, Q., Dalluge, D., Heindel, T. J., Fox, R. O., Brown, R. C. (2012) Experimental validation and CFD modeling study of biomass fast pyrolysis in fluidized-bed reactors, Fuel 97, 757–769.

Bruchmüller, J., van Wachem, B. G. M., Gu, S., Luo, K. H., and Brown, R. C. (2012) Modeling the thermochemical degradation of biomass inside a fast pyrolysis fluidized bed reactor, AIChE Journal 58, 3030–3042, http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/aic.13705.

Shah, A., Darr, M. J., Dalluge, D., Medic, D., Webster, K., and Brown, R. C. (2012) Physico-chemical properties of bio-oil and biochar produced by fast pyrolysis of stored single-pass corn stover and cobs, Bioresource Technology 125, 348–352.

2011

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Deal, C., Brewer, C.E., Brown, R.C., Okure, M.A.E., Amoding, A. (2011) Comparison of kiln-derived and gasifier-derived biochars as soil amendments in the humid tropics, accepted for publication in Biomass & Bioenergy.

Brown, T., Zhang, Y., Hu, G., and Brown, R. C. (2011) Technoeconomic analysis of biobased chemicals production via Integrated Catalytic Processing, accepted for publication in Biofuels, Bioproducts & Biorefining.

Patwardhan, P., Brown, R. and Shanks, B. (2011) Understanding the fast pyrolysis of lignin, ChemSusChem, article first published online at: DOI 10.1002/cssc.201100133.

Ellens, C. J., Brown, R. C. (2011) Optimization of a free-fall reactor for the production of fast pyrolysis bio-oil, Bioresources Technology, article first published online at: DOI 10.1016/j.biortech.2011.09.087.

Brown, J. N., Brown, R. C. (2011) Process optimization of an auger pyrolyzer with heat carrier using response surface methodology, Bioresources Technology, article first published online at DOI 10.1016/j.biortech.2011.09.117

Pollard, A. S., Rover, M. R., Brown, R. C. (2011) Characterization of bio-oil recovered as stage fractions with unique chemical and physical properties, Journal of Analytical and Applied Pyrolysis, article first published online at DOI 10.1016/j.jaap.2011.10.007.

Brewer, C. E., Unger, R., Schmidt-Rohr, K., and Brown, R. C. (2011) Criteria to select biochars for field studies based on biochar chemical properties, BioEnergy Research. DOI 10.1007/s12155-011-9133-7.

El-Hedok, I., Whitmer, L., Brown, R. C. (2011) The influence of granular flow rate on the performance of a moving bed granular filter, Powder Technology 214, 69-76. DOI 10.1016/j.powtec.2011.07.037.

Jarboe, L. R., Wen, Z., Choi, D.W., Brown, R. C. (2011) Hybrid thermochemical processing: fermentation of pyrolysis-derived bio-oil, Appl Microbiol Biotechnol. 91:1519–1523, DOI 10.1007/s00253-011-3495-9.

Brown, T. R., Wright, M. M. and Brown, R. C. (2011), Estimating profitability of two biochar production scenarios: slow pyrolysis vs fast pyrolysis. Biofuels, Bioproducts and Biorefining, 5: 54–68. doi: 10.1002/bbb.254.

Patwardhan, P., Dalluge, D., Shanks, B. and Brown, R. (2011) Distinguishing primary and secondary reactions of cellulose pyrolysis, Bioresources Technology 102, 5265-5269. DOI 10.1016/j.biortech. 2011.02.018.

Gifford, J. and Brown, R. (2011) Four Economies of Sustainable Automotive Transportation, Biofuels, Bioproducts and Biorefining 5, 293-304. DOI 10.1002/bbb.287

Patwardhan, P., Brown, R. and Shanks, B. (2011) Product distribution from the fast pyrolysis of hemicellulose, ChemSusChem 5, 636-643. DOI 10.1002/cssc.201000425.

2010

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Patwardhan, P., Satrio, J., Brown, R. and Shanks, B. (2010) Influence of inorganic salts on the primary pyrolysis products of cellulose, Bioresource Technology 101, 4646-4655.

Wright, M. M., Daugaard, D. E., Satrio, J. A., Brown, R. C. (2010) Techno-economic analysis of biomass fast pyrolysis to transportation fuels, Fuel 89, Supplement 1, S2-S10.

Swanson, R., Platon, A., Satrio, J., Brown, R.C. (2010) Technoeconomic analysis of biomass-to-liquids production based on gasification, Fuel 89, Supplement 1, S11-S19.

Anex, R. P., Aden, A., Kazi, F. K., Fortman, J., Swanson, R. M., Wright, M. M., Satrio, J. A., Brown, R. C., Daugaard, D. E., Platon, A., Kothandaraman, G., Hsu, D. D., Dutta, A. (2010) Technoeconomic comparison of biomass-to-transportation fuels via pyrolysis, gasification, and biochemical pathways, Fuel 89, Supplement 1, S29-S35.

Lee, J. W., Kidder, M., Evans, B. R., Paik, S., Buchanan, III, A. C., Garten, C. T., and Brown, R. C. (2010) Characterization of Biochars Produced from Cornstovers for Soil Amendment, Environmental Science and Technology 44, 7970–7974.

Li, L., Fan, M., Brown, R. C., Koziel, J. A., van Leeuwen, J. (2010) The kinetics of SO2 absorption with fly ash slurry with concomitant production of a useful wastewater coagulant, Journal of Environmental Engineering 136 (3) 308-315.

Choi, D., Chipman, D., Bents, S., Brown, R. (2010) A techno-economic analysis of poly-hydroxyalkanoates and hydrogen production from syngas fermentation of gasified biomass, Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology 160, 1032-1046.

Li, L, Fan, M., Koziel, J.A., Brown, R.C., van Leeuwen, J.  (2010)  The kinetics of  SO2 scrubbing with fly ash slurry with concomitant production of a useful wastewater coagulant. J. Environ. Eng. 136(3) 308-315.

2009

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Patwardhan, P. R., Satrio, J.A., Brown, R. C. and Shanks, B. H. (2009) Product distribution from fast pyrolysis of glucose-based carbohydrates, Journal of Analytical and Applied Pyrolysis 86, 323-330.

Brewer, C. E., Schmidt-Rohr, K., Satrio, J. A., Brown, R. C. (2009) Characterization of biochar from fast pyrolysis and gasification systems, Environmental Progress & Sustainable Energy 28(3), 386-396.

D.A. Laird, Brown, R.C., Amonette, J.E., Lehmann J. (2009) Review of the Pyrolysis Platform for Producing Bio-oil and Biochar: Technology, Logistics and Potential Impacts on Greenhouse Gas Emissions, Water Quality, Soil Quality and Agricultural Productivity. Biofuels, Bioproducts, and Biorefining 3, 547–562.

Ling, L., Fan, M., Brown, R. C., Koziel, J. A., van Leeuwen, J. (2009) Production of a new wastewater treatment coagulant from fly ash with concomitant flue gas scrubbing, J. Hazardous Materials 162, 1430-1437.

2008

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Li, L, Fan, M., Koziel, J.A., Brown, R.C., van Leeuwen, J.  (2008) Reduction of SO2 in Flue Gas and Applications of Fly Ash: A Review, Power Plant Chem. 10(5) 291-301.

Wright, M. M., Brown, R. C., Boateng, A. A. (2008) Distributed processing of biomass to bio-oil for subsequent production of Fischer-Tropsch liquids, Biofuels, Bioprocessing, and Biorefineries 2, 229-238.

2007

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Wright, M. and Brown, R. C. (2007) Establishing the optimal sizes of different kinds of biorefineries, Biofuels, Bioprocessing, and Biorefineries 1, 191–200.

Wright, M. and Brown, R. C., Comparative economics of biorefineries based on the biochemical and thermochemical platforms, Biofuels, Bioprocessing, and Biorefineries 1, 49-56, 2007.

Brown, R. C. , Hybrid thermochemical/biological processing of biomass, Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology 137-140, 947 – 956,  2007.

Young, D., Smeenk, J., Broer, K. M., Kisting, C. J., Brown, R., Heindel, T. J., Bobik, T., and DiSpirito, A. A., Growth of Rhodospirillum rubrum on Synthesis Gas: Conversion of CO to H2 and Poly-b-hydroxyalkanoate, Biotechnology and Bioengineering, accepted for publication (2007).

Lloyd, H., Cooper, A. T., Fan, M., Brown, R. C., Sawyer, J., van Leeuwen, J., Shi, Y., Li, N., Zhang, W. , Pilot plant evaluation of PFS from coal-fired power plant waste, Chemical Engineering and Processing 46(3) 257-261, 2007.

2006

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Zhang, R., Wang, Y., and Brown, R. C. Steam reforming of tar compounds over Ni/Olivine catalysts doped with CeO2, Energy Conversion and Management, 48, 68-77, 2006.

Singh, S., Norton, G. A., Fan, M., Brown, R. C., van Leeuwen, J. Thermoanalytical studies of byproduct streams from dry-mill ethanol production, Chem. Eng. & Processing 45, 618-623, 2006.

Xu, M., Brown, R. C., and Norton, G., “Effect of sample aging on the accuracy of the International Energy Agency’s tar measurement protocol,” Energy & Fuels 20, 262-264, 2006.

2005

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Brown, R. C., Biomass Refineries based on Hybrid Thermochemical/Biological Processing– An Overview, in Biorefineries, Biobased Industrial Processes and Products, Kamm, B., Gruber, P. R., Kamm, M., Eds., Wiley-VCH Verlag, Weinheim, Germany, 2005.

Xu, M., Brown, R. C., Norton, G., and Smeenk, J., “Comparison of a solvent-free tar quantification method to the International Energy Agency’s tar measurement protocol, Energy & Fuels 19, 2509-2513, 2005.

Shi, Y., Fan, M., Li, N., Brown R. C., and Sung, S. “The recovery of acetic acid with sulfur dioxide,” Biochemical Engineering Journal, 22(3), 207-210, 2005.

Cummer, K. and Brown, R. C., “Indirectly heated biomass gasification using a latent heat ballast.  Part 3:  Refinement of the heat transfer model,” Biomass and Bioenergy 28, 321–330, 2005.

Fan, M., R. C. Brown, T. D. Wheelock, A. T. Cooper, M. Nomura and Y. Zhuang, “Production of a complex coagulant from fly ash,” Chemical Engineering Journal, 106(2), 269-277, 2005.

Zhang, R., Cummer, K., Suby, A., and Brown, R. C., Biomass-derived hydrogen from an air-blown gasifier,” Fuel Processing Technology 86, 861-874, 2005.

Norton, G. A. and Brown, R. C., Wet chemical method for determining levels of ammonia in syngas from a biomass gasifier,  Energy & Fuels, 19, 618-624, 2005.

Khiyami, M. A., Pometto III, A. L., Brown, R. C. , Detoxification of corn stover and corn starch pyrolysis liquors by ligninolytic enzymes of Phanerochaete chrysporium, Journal of  Agricultural and Food Chemistry 53, 2969-2977, 2005.

Butler, A. D., Fan, M., Brown, R. C., van Leeuwen, J., Sung, S. and Duff, B., “Pilot scale tests of poly ferric Sulfate synthesized using SO2 in Des Moines Water Works,” Chemical Engineering and Processing, 44, 413-419, 2005.

Shi, Y., M. Fan, Ming, X., Brown, R. C. and van Leeuwen, H., “The extraction of lactic acid with sulfur dioxide,” Biochemical Engineering Journal 24 (2), 157-160, 2005.

Chuang, C.L., Fan, M.,  Xu, M., Brown, R.C., Sung, S., Saha, B., Huang, C.P., “Adsorption of arsenic(V) by activated carbon prepared from oat hulls,” Chemosphere  61(4), 478-483, 2005.

2004

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Falkowski, D. and Brown, R., “Analysis of pressure fluctuations in fluidized beds,” Ind. Eng. Chem. Res. 43, 5721-5729, 2004.

Sandvig, E., Walling, G., Daugaard, D., Pletka, R., Radlien, D., Johnson, W., and Brown, R.C., “The prospects for integrating fast pyrolysis into biomass power systems,” International Journal of Power and Energy Systems, 24(3), 228-38, 2004.

Fan, M., W. Marshall, D. Daugaard, and R. C. Brown, “Production of activated carbon from fast pyrolysis of oat hulls and corn stover,” Bioresource Technology 93(1) 103-107, 2004.

Zhang, T., W. P. Walawender, L. T. Fan, M. Fan, D. Daugaard and R. C. Brown,  Production of activated carbons by physical activation chars from agricultural and forest residues, Chemical Engineering Journal, 105(1-2), 53-59, 2004.

Zhang, R., Brown, R., Suby, A., and Cummer, K., “Catalytic destruction of tar in biomass-derived producer gas,” Energy Conversion and Management 45 (7-8), 995-1014, 2004.

Zhang, R., Brown, R. C., and Suby, A., “Thermochemical generation of hydrogen from switchgrass,” Energy and Fuels 18, 251-256, 2004

Mérida, W., Maness, P., Brown, R. C., and Levin, D. B., “Enhanced hydrogen production and removal of carbon dioxide from indirectly heated biomass gasification,” International Journal of Hydrogen Energy 29, 283-290, 2004

Butler, D. A., Fan, M., Brown, R. C., Leeuwen, J. V. and Sung, S., “Absorption of Dilute SO2 Gas Stream with Conversion to Polymeric Ferric Sulfate for Use in Water Treatment,” Chemical Engineering Journal, 98, 265-273, 2004

Fan, M., Norton, G. A, and Brown, R. C., “A novel Hg control technology derived from quantum chemistry,” Chemical Engineering Journal 104 (1-3) 93-95, 2004.

Butler, A. D., Fan, M., Brown, R. C., van Leeuwen, J., Sung, S., and Duff, B., “Pilot-scale tests of poly ferric sulfate synthesized using SO2 at Des Moines Water Works,” Chemical Engineering and Processing 44(3), 413-419, 2004.

Ritzert, J., Brown, R. C., and Smeenk, J., “Filtration efficiency of a moving bed granular filter,” Proceedings of the Science in Thermal and Chemical Biomass Conversion Conference, Victoria, B.C., Canada, Aug. 30 – Sept. 2, 2004.

Sadaka, S., Brue, C., and Brown, R. C., “Mass and energy balances on a ballasted gasifier,” Proceedings of the Science in Thermal and Chemical Biomass Conversion Conference, Victoria, B.C., Canada, Aug. 30 – Sept. 2, 2004.

Daugaard, D. E. and Brown, R. C., “The transport phase of pyrolytic oil exiting a fast fluidized bed reactor,” Proceedings of the Science in Thermal and Chemical Biomass Conversion Conference, Victoria, B.C., Canada, Aug. 30 – Sept. 2, 2004.

Zhang, R., Wang, Y., Brown, R. C., and Dinga, X., “Development of catalysts for methane and tar compound reforming,”  Proceedings of the Science in Thermal and Chemical Biomass Conversion Conference, Victoria, B.C., Canada, Aug. 30 – Sept. 2, 2004.

Brown, R. C., Smeenk, J., Sadaka, S., Norton, G., Xu, M., Brown, N., and Brue, C., “Thermochemical production of hydrogen from biomass,” Proceedings of the Second World Conference and Technology Exhibition on Biomass for Energy, Industry, and Climate Protection, Rome, Italy, May 10 – 14, 2004.

2003

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Brown, R. C., Shi, H., Colver, G., and Soo, S.C., “Similitude study of a moving bed granular filter,” Powder Technology 138 (2-3), 201-210, 2003.

Daugaard, D. E. and Brown, R. C., “Enthalpy for pyrolysis for several types of biomass,” Energy and Fuels 17, 934-939, 2003.

Norton, G. A., Yang, H., Brown, R. C., Laudal, D. L., Dunham, G. E., and Erjavec, J., “Heterogeneous oxidation of mercury in simulated post combustion conditions,” Fuel 82, 107-116, 2003.

Fan, M., R. C. Brown, M. Nomura and Y. Zhuang, Relationships among loss-on-ignitions and unburned carbons as well as FTIR photoacoustic spectrum of fly ashes, International Journal of Environment and Pollution 19(3), 301-309, 2003.

Fan, M., Brown, R. C., Van Leeuwen, J., Nomura, M., and Zhuang, Y., “The kinetics of producing sulfate based complex coagulant from fly ash,” Chemical Engineering and Processing 42(12) 1019-1025, 2003.

Fan, M. R. C. Brown, S. Sung, “Photoacoustic measurement of iron in composite coagulant, Chemical Engineering and Process,”42(7), 553-559, 2003.

Fan, M., R. C. Brown, Y. Zhuang, A. T. Cooper and M. Nomura, Reaction kinetics for a novel flue gas cleaning technology,Environmental Science and Technology37(7), 1404-1407, 2003.

Fan, M., R. C. Brown, S. Sung, C. P. Huang, S. K Ong, and J (Hans) Van Leeuwen, Comparison of polymeric and conventional coagulants in arsenic (V) removal, Water Environment Research75(4) 308-313, 2003.

2002

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Cummer, K. and Brown, R. C., “Ancillary equipment for biomass gasification,” Biomass and Bioenergy 23, 113 – 128, 2002.

Fan, M., Brown, R. C. and Huang, C. P., “Preliminary studies of arsenic (III) oxidation by potassium ferrate,” International Journal of Environment and Pollution 18 (1), 91-96, 2002.

Fan, M., Brown, R. C., Sung, S. and Zhuang, Y. “A process for synthesizing polymeric ferric sulfate using sulfur dioxide from coal combustion,” International Journal of Environment and Pollution 17, 102-109, 2002.

Fan, M., Sung, S., Brown, R. C., Wheelock, T. D. and Laabs, F. C., “Synthesis, characterization and coagulation performance of polymeric ferric sulfate,” Journal of Environmental Engineering 128(6), 483-490, 2002.

2001

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Fan, M. and Brown, R. C., “Modification of the loss-on-ignition technique to measure unburned carbon in fly ash,” Energy and Fuels15, 1414-1417, 2001.

Fan, M. and R. C. Brown, Precision and accuracy of photoacoustic measurements of unburned carbon in fly ash,” Fuel 80, 1545-1554, 2001.

Brown, R. C. and Brue, E., “Resolving dynamical features of fluidized beds from pressure fluctuations,” Powder Technology, 119, 68-80, 2001.

Brue, E. and Brown, R. C., “Use of pressure fluctuations to validate hydrodynamic similitude in fluidized media: Bubbling beds,”Powder Technology 119, 117-127, 2001.

Pletka, R., Brown, R. C., and Smeenk, J., “Indirectly heated biomass gasification using a latent heat ballast.  Part 1: Experimental evaluations,” Biomass and Bioenergy 20, 297 – 305, 2001.

Pletka, R., Brown, R. C., and Smeenk, J., “Indirectly heated biomass gasification using a latent heat ballast.  Part 2: Computational model,” Biomass and Bioenergy 20, 307 –315, 2001.

Hendrich, S., Fan, M., Sung, S. W., Brown, R. C., Lebepe-Mazurl, S., Myers, R., Osweiler, G. “Toxicity evaluation of polymeric ferric sulfate,” Int. J. Environmental Technology and Management 1, 464-471, 2001.

Battaglia, F., Brown, R. C., and Flugrad, D. R., “ABET EC 2000:  Developing Assessment Tools for Continuous Improvement,” Proceedings of the 2001 ASEE Conference.

Fan, M. and Brown, R. C., “Modification of the Loss-on-Ignition technique to measure unburned carbon in fly ash,” Fuel 80, 1545-1554, 2001.

Brown, R. C., Smeenk, J., and Wistrom, C., “Design of a moving bed granular filter for biomass gasification,” Proceedings of the Progress in Thermochemical Biomass Conversion Conference, Tyrol, Austria, September 17-22, 2000.

2000

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Brown, R. C., Lin, Q., and Norton, G., Catalytic effects observed during the co-gasification of coal and switchgrass,” Biomass and Bioenergy 18, 499-506, 2000.

1999

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Brown, R. C., “Capturing Solar Energy Through Biomass,” Chapter in Principles of Solar Engineering, Second Edition, D. Y. Goswami, F. Kreider, and F. Kreith, Eds., Taylor & Francis, Washington, D.C., 1999.

So, K. and Brown, R.C., “Economic analysis of selected lignocellulose-to-ethanol conversion technologies,” Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology, Vol. 77-79, pp. 633-640, 1999.

Smeenk, J., Brown, R. C. and Eckels, D., “Determination of Vapor Phase Alkali Content During Biomass Gasification,” Proceedings of the Fourth Biomass Conference of the Americas, Volume 2, pp. 961-967, Oakland, CA, August 29-September 2, 1999.

Sweterlitsch, J. and Brown, R. C., “NOx Emissions Reduction: An Application of Biomass Reburning Technology,” Proceedings of the Fourth Biomass Conference of the Amercias, Volume 2, pp. 1329-1334, Oakland, CA, August 29-September 2, 1999.

1998

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Brown, R. C., J. D. Rasberry, and S. Overmann, “Microencapsulated phase-change materials as heat transfer media in gas-fluidized beds,” Powder Technology98, 217-222, 1998.

Brown, R. C., and S. Overmann, “The influence of particle thermal time constants on convection coefficients in bubbling fluidized beds,” Powder Technology98, 13-20, 1998.

Overmann, S. P., R. C. Brown, and N. S. Grewal, “Prediction of heat transfer in prototype fluidized reactors from scale-model data,”Chemical Engineering Science53, 807-817, 1998.

Lim, C. K., P. A. Molian, R. C. Brown, and J. M. Prusa, “Numerical studies of gas jet/molten layer interaction during laser cutting,”ASME Journal of Manufacturing Science and Engineering, 120, 496-503, 1998.

Pletka, R., Brown, R. C. and Smeenk, J., “Indirectly heated fluidized bed biomass gasification using a latent heat ballast,” BioEnergy ’98 Conference, Madison, WI, October 4-8, 1998.

Smeenk, J. and Brown, R. C., “Experience with atmospheric fluidized bed gasification of switchgrass,” BioEnergy ’98 Conference, Madison, WI, October 4-8, 1998.

So, K. and Brown, R. C., “Economic analysis of ethanol production from switchgrass using hybrid thermal/biological processing,” BioEnergy ’98 Conference, Madison, WI, October 4-8, 1998.

So, K. and Brown, R.C., “Economic analysis of selected lignocellulose-to-ethanol conversion technologies,” Proceedings of the Conference on Biotechnology for Fuels and Chemicals, Gatlinburg, TN, May 4-7, 1998.

1997

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Brown, R. C., Q. Liu, and G. Norton, “Catalytic effects observed during the gasification of coal and switchgrass,” Proceedings of the Third Biomass Conference of the Americas, Montreal, Canada, August 24-29, 1997.

Smeenk, J., R. C. Brown, M. R. Dawson, E. Simpkins, and G. Steinfeld, “Evaluation of an integrated gasification/fuel cell power plant,” Proceedings of the Third Biomass Conference of the Americas, Montreal, Canada, August 24-29, 1997.

1996

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Stobbe, S., J. Oatley, and R. C. Brown, “Indirectly-heated biomass gasification using latent-heat ballasting of a fluidized reactor,” Proc. 31st Intersociety Energy Conversion Engineering Conference, Washington, D.C., August 11-16, 1996.

Waller, D. J. and R. C. Brown, “Photoacoustic response of unburned carbon in fly ash to infrared radiation,” Fuel 75, 1568-1574, 1996.

Koffman, S. F., R. C. Brown, and R. R. Fullmer “Control of a fluidized bed combustor using fuzzy logic,” ASME Journal of Engineering for Gas Turbines and Power 118, 204-209, 1996.

Brown, R., J. Colletti, and A. Hallem, “Factors influencing the adoption of biomass energy systems,” Proc. Fifth World Congress of Chemical Engineering, San Diego, CA, July 14-18, 1996.

Brue, E. and R. C. Brown, “Validation of hydrodynamic similitude in fluidized beds via pressure fluctuations,” Proc. Fifth World Congress of Chemical Engineering, San Diego, CA, July 14-18, 1996.

Overmann, S. and R. C. Brown, “Heat transfer similitude in fluidized beds,” Proc. Fifth World Congress of Chemical Engineering, San Diego, CA, July 14-18, 1996.

Brue, E. and R. C. Brown, “Solids loading vs. solids flux as an independent parameter in CFB similitude studies,” AIChE Annual Meeting, Chicago, IL, November 10-15, 1996.

1995

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Waller, D. J. and R. C. Brown, “Sensitivity and accuracy of a new instrument to measure carbon in fly ash,” Proc. 1995 International Joint Power Generation Conference, Minneapolis, MN, Oct. 9-11, 1995.

Stobbe, S., R. C. Brown, R. Dawson, and C. Chriswell, “Feasibility of burning or gasifying obsolete seed corn,” Proc. 1995 International Joint Power Generation Conference, Minneapolis, MN, Oct. 9-11, 1995.

Dykstra, J. R. and R. C. Brown, “Comparison of optically- and microwave-excited photoacoustic detection of unburned carbon in entrained fly ash,” Fuel 74, 368-373, 1995.

Brown, R.C. and J. Dykstra, “Systematic errors in the use of loss-on-ignition to measure unburned carbon in fly ash,” Fuel 74, 570-574, 1995.

Thiede, T., and R. C. Brown, “Evaluation of sulfation rates using transient emission profiles from a fluidized combustor,” Proc. 12th International Pittsburgh Coal Conference, Pittsburgh, PA, Sept. 11-15, 1995, pp. 206-211.

Raines, T. and R. C. Brown, “Coal devolatilization and char combustion study using FTIR spectroscopy,” Proc. 12th International Pittsburgh, Coal Conference,” Pittsburgh, PA, Sept. 11-15, 1995, pp. 212-217.

Waller, D. J. and R. C. Brown, “The measurement of unburned carbon in fly ash and using infrared photoacoustics,” Proc. 12th International Pittsburgh Coal Conference, Pittsburgh, PA, Sept. 11-15, 1995, pp. 417-422.

Books and Book Chapters

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Gopalakrishnan, Kasthurirangan; van Leeuwen, Johannes; Brown, Robert C. (Eds.), Sustainable Bioenergy and Bioproducts: Value Added Engineering Applications, Springer, 2012.

Brewer, C. E., & Brown, R. C. (2011) Expanding the Envelope: Biochar, in Comprehensive Renewable Energy (Vol. 5), D. Ruddy (Ed.), Elsevier.

Brown, R. C., Editor (2011) Thermochemical Processing of Biomass: Conversion into Fuels, Chemicals, and Power, Wiley & Sons.

Brown, R. C. (2011) Introduction to Thermochemical Processing of Biomass into Fuels, Chemicals, and Power, in Thermochemical Processing of Biomass: Conversion into Fuels, Chemicals, and Power, Brown, R.C. (Ed.), Wiley & Sons, pp. 1-12.

Choi, D.-W., DiSpirito, A. A., Chipman, D. C., and Brown, R. C. (2011) Hybrid processing, in Thermochemical Processing of Biomass: Conversion into Fuels, Chemicals, and Power, Brown, R.C. (Ed.), Wiley & Sons, pp. 280-299.

Wright, M. M. and Brown, R. C. (2011) Economics of Biomass Conversion to Power and Liquid Fuels, in Thermochemical Processing of Biomass: Conversion into Fuels, Chemicals, and Power, Brown, R.C. (Ed.), Wiley & Sons, pp. 307-323.

Brown, R. C.  and Wright, M. M. (2011) Capturing Solar Energy through Biomass, in Principles of Sustainable Energy, Kreith, F. and Kreider, J. F., Eds., CRC Press, Taylor & Francis Group, Boca Raton, FL, pp. 185-253.

Brown, R., Woolcock, P. Wright, M., and Lora, E. S. (2010) Thermochemical processing of cellulosic biomass, in Biofuels: Reasonable Steps Towards a Renewable Energy Future, First Edition, Davis, M. J. and Coser, T. R. (Eds.), Fulbright Commission Brazil, Brasilia, Brazil, pp. 143-162.

Ibáñez, E., Gkritza, K., McCalley, J., Aliprantis, D., Brown, R., Somani, A. and Wang, L. (2010) Interdependencies between Energy and Transportation Systems for National Long Term Planning, in  Sustainable and Resilient Critical Infrastructure Systems,  K. Gopalakrishnan and S. Peeta (Eds.), Springer.

Brown, R. C. and Wright, M., Biomass Conversion to Fuels and Electric Power, in Biofuels: Environmental Consequences and Interactions with Changing Land Use, R. W. Howarth and S. Bringezu, Eds., Proceedings of the Scientific Committee on Problems of the Environment (SCOPE) International Biofuels Project Rapid Assessment, 22-25 September 2008, Gummersbach, Germany, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY, 2009 (http://cip.cornell.edu/biofuels/).

Brown, R. C., Biochar Production Technology, in Biochar for Environmental Management: Science and Technology, Lehmann, J. and Joseph, S., Eds., Earthscan Ltd., London, 2009.

Hunt, S., Editor, Biofuels for Transportation: Global Potential and Implications for Sustainable Agriculture and Energy in the 21st Century, Worldwatch Institute, Washington, DC (contributor), 2006.

Brown, R. C., Chapter 19. Resource Availability, Section 19.4 Biomass, CRC Handbook of Energy Conservation and Renewable Energy, Kreith, F. and Goswami, Y., Eds., CRC Press, 2006.

Brown, R. C., Chapter 24. Biomass Energy Conversion, Section 24.2 Power Generation, CRC Handbook of Energy Conservation and Renewable Energy, Kreith, F. and Goswami, Y., Eds., CRC Press, 2006.

Brown, R. C., Chapter 24. Biomass Energy Conversion, Section 24.3 Bio-fuels, CRC Handbook of Energy Conservation and Renewable Energy, Kreith, F. and Goswami, Y., Eds., CRC Press, 2006.

Brown, R. C., Biomass Refineries based on Hybrid Thermochemical/Biological Processing– An Overview, in Biorefineries, Biobased Industrial Processes and Products, Kamm, B., Gruber, P. R., Kamm, M., Eds., Wiley-VCH Verlag, Weinheim, Germany, 2005.

Brown, R. C., Biorenewable Resources: Engineering New Products from Agriculture, Iowa State Press, Ames, IA, April 2003.

Brown, R. C., “Biomass Fuels,” entry in Plant Sciences for Students, Macmillan Reference USA, 2000.

Brown, R. C., “Thermal processing of biomass,” entry in Infography, Fields of Knowledge, Vershire, Vermont, 2000.

Brown, R. C., Radlein, D., and Piskorz, J., “Pretreatment Processes to Increase Pyrolytic Yield of Levoglucosan from Herbaceous Feedstocks,” Chemicals and Materials from Renewable Resources, ACS Symposium Series 784, American Chemical Society, Washington, D.C., 2001, pp. 123 – 132.

Brown, R. C., “Capturing Solar Energy Through Biomass,” Chapter in Principles of Solar Engineering, Second Edition, D. Y. Goswami, F. Kreider, and F. Kreith, Eds., Taylor & Francis, Washington, D.C., 1999.